Complete Guide: How to Apply for Caregiver Jobs in Canada


Caregiving is a vital profession that plays a crucial role in supporting individuals who require assistance with daily activities due to illness, disability, or aging. In Canada, the demand for caregivers continues to grow as the population ages and the need for specialized care increases. This introduction provides an overview of caregiver jobs in Canada, highlighting the importance of caregivers in Canadian society.

Caregivers in Canada provide invaluable support to individuals of all ages, from children with special needs to seniors requiring assistance with activities of daily living. Their compassionate care and dedication contribute significantly to the well-being and quality of life of those they serve.

In recent years, the Canadian government has recognized the essential role of caregivers and has implemented various programs and initiatives to support both caregivers and care recipients. These programs aim to ensure that caregivers have access to the necessary resources, training, and support to carry out their responsibilities effectively.

This introduction sets the stage for a comprehensive exploration of caregiver jobs in Canada, covering various aspects such as eligibility requirements, employment opportunities, application processes, work environment, legal rights, training, financial matters, and community support. Whether you are considering a career in caregiving or seeking care for a loved one, this guide aims to provide valuable insights and information to help you navigate the world of caregiving in Canada.

Importance of Caregivers in Canadian Society

Caregivers play a crucial role in Canadian society by providing essential support and assistance to individuals in need. Their contributions extend across various sectors, including healthcare, social services, and personal support, impacting the lives of countless Canadians. Several key aspects highlight the significance of caregivers in Canadian society:

  1. Support for Vulnerable Populations: Caregivers offer vital assistance to vulnerable populations such as seniors, individuals with disabilities, and those with chronic illnesses. By providing physical, emotional, and practical support, caregivers enable these individuals to maintain their independence and quality of life.
  2. Relief for Families: Caregivers often provide relief for families facing challenges related to caregiving responsibilities. Family members may rely on caregivers to supplement their efforts or provide respite care, allowing them to manage other aspects of their lives while ensuring their loved ones receive the care they need.
  3. Enhanced Healthcare Access: Caregivers contribute to improving healthcare access by facilitating care delivery in diverse settings. Whether working in private homes, long-term care facilities, or community centers, caregivers bridge gaps in healthcare services and ensure individuals receive personalized care tailored to their needs.
  4. Promotion of Inclusion and Independence: Caregivers play a vital role in promoting inclusion and independence among individuals with disabilities or special needs. By offering support with daily activities, mobility, and social engagement, caregivers empower these individuals to participate actively in their communities and lead fulfilling lives.
  5. Economic Contribution: The caregiving profession makes a significant economic contribution to Canadian society. Caregivers create employment opportunities, support workforce participation by allowing family members to pursue employment or education, and contribute to the overall productivity of the economy.
  6. Emotional and Psychological Support: Beyond physical care, caregivers provide essential emotional and psychological support to their clients. They offer companionship, empathy, and a sense of security, fostering positive relationships and enhancing the overall well-being of individuals under their care.
  7. Prevention of Institutionalization: Caregivers play a crucial role in preventing institutionalization by enabling individuals to age in place or receive care within their communities. This not only preserves individuals’ dignity and autonomy but also reduces the strain on healthcare systems and long-term care facilities.

Caregivers are indispensable members of Canadian society, offering invaluable support and assistance to individuals in need while contributing to the overall well-being of communities. Their dedication, compassion, and expertise make a profound difference in the lives of those they serve, underscoring the importance of recognizing and supporting the caregiving profession.

Types of Caregiver Roles in Canada

Caregiver roles in Canada encompass a wide range of responsibilities and duties, catering to diverse populations with varying needs. Understanding the different types of caregiver roles is essential for individuals considering a career in caregiving or seeking assistance for themselves or their loved ones. The following are common types of caregiver roles in Canada:

  1. Personal Support Worker (PSW):
    • Personal Support Workers provide essential assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) to individuals who require support due to age, disability, illness, or injury.
    • Responsibilities may include bathing, grooming, dressing, toileting, mobility assistance, meal preparation, medication reminders, and light housekeeping.
    • PSWs typically work in a variety of settings, including private homes, long-term care facilities, retirement residences, and community care settings.
  2. Home Care Aide:
    • Home Care Aides offer personalized care and support to individuals who wish to age in place or receive care within their homes.
    • Duties may include providing companionship, assistance with ADLs, medication management, light housekeeping, meal preparation, and transportation to medical appointments or social activities.
    • Home Care Aides play a crucial role in promoting independence and maintaining the well-being of clients within their familiar home environment.
  3. Elderly Caregiver:
    • Elderly Caregivers specialize in providing care and support to seniors, addressing their unique needs and preferences as they age.
    • Responsibilities may include assistance with personal care, medication management, mobility support, meal planning and preparation, companionship, and recreational activities.
    • Elderly Caregivers play a vital role in enhancing the quality of life for seniors by promoting social engagement, physical activity, and emotional well-being.
  4. Child Caregiver:
    • Child Caregivers, also known as Nannies or Child Care Providers, offer nurturing care and supervision to children in private homes or childcare settings.
    • Duties may include feeding, bathing, dressing, educational activities, playtime supervision, transportation to school or extracurricular activities, and light household tasks related to child care.
    • Child Caregivers contribute to the healthy development and well-being of children by providing a safe, supportive, and stimulating environment.
  5. Special Needs Caregiver:
    • Special Needs Caregivers specialize in supporting individuals with physical, developmental, intellectual, or behavioral challenges.
    • Responsibilities may vary based on the specific needs of the individual and may include personal care assistance, behavior management, specialized therapy support, educational activities, and community integration.
    • Special Needs Caregivers play a crucial role in promoting independence, inclusion, and quality of life for individuals with special needs.
  6. Respite Care Provider:
    • Respite Care Providers offer temporary relief to primary caregivers by assuming caregiving responsibilities for a specified period.
    • Duties may involve providing companionship, personal care assistance, supervision, and recreational activities to individuals while their primary caregivers take a break to rest, attend appointments, or engage in other activities.
    • Respite Care Providers play a vital role in preventing caregiver burnout and ensuring continuity of care for individuals with ongoing support needs.

These are just a few examples of the diverse caregiver roles available in Canada, each catering to specific populations and needs. Whether providing care to seniors, children, individuals with disabilities, or those in need of respite, caregivers play a vital role in enhancing the quality of life and well-being of their clients.

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Eligibility and Requirements of Caregiver Jobs in Canada

Before pursuing a caregiver job in Canada, it’s essential to understand the eligibility criteria and requirements set forth by Canadian immigration authorities, as well as any specific qualifications or certifications required for the role. This section provides an overview of the key eligibility factors and requirements for aspiring caregivers:

  1. Work Permit Requirements:
    • In most cases, individuals seeking employment as caregivers in Canada must obtain a valid work permit to legally work in the country.
    • The specific work permit required depends on the caregiver program or stream through which employment is sought, such as the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) the Home Child Care Provider Pilot, or the Home Support Worker Pilot.
    • Applicants must meet the eligibility criteria for the chosen caregiver program, including possessing a valid job offer from a Canadian employer, meeting language proficiency requirements, and demonstrating the necessary qualifications and experience.
  2. Educational and Training Requirements:
    • While formal education requirements may vary depending on the specific caregiver role and employer preferences, many employers seek candidates with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    • Some caregiver roles may require additional training or certification in areas such as personal support, first aid and CPR, medication administration, or specialized care for specific populations (e.g., elderly care, child care, special needs care).
    • Completing relevant educational programs or obtaining certifications from recognized institutions can enhance job prospects and qualify individuals for certain caregiver positions.
  3. Language Proficiency Requirements:
    • Proficiency in English and/or French is often a requirement for caregiver jobs in Canada, as effective communication with clients, families, and colleagues is essential.
    • Applicants may be required to provide proof of language proficiency through standardized language tests such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) for English, or the Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) for French.
  4. Health and Medical Requirements:
    • Caregivers may be required to undergo medical examinations to ensure they are in good health and able to perform the duties of the job safely.
    • Certain medical conditions or disabilities may not necessarily disqualify individuals from caregiver positions, but they may need to provide documentation or accommodations to demonstrate their ability to fulfill job requirements.
  5. Background Checks and Security Clearance:
    • Many caregiver employers in Canada require candidates to undergo background checks, including criminal record checks and vulnerable sector screenings, to ensure the safety and well-being of clients, particularly when working with vulnerable populations such as children or seniors.
  6. Other Requirements:
    • Additional requirements may apply depending on the specific caregiver role, employer policies, or provincial regulations.
    • These may include having a valid driver’s license and access to reliable transportation, possessing relevant work experience or references, and demonstrating qualities such as compassion, empathy, and professionalism.

Understanding and fulfilling the eligibility criteria and requirements for caregiver jobs in Canada is essential for individuals seeking employment in this field. By meeting these requirements, candidates can enhance their prospects of securing a caregiver position and contributing to the well-being of individuals and families in Canada.

Employment Opportunities in Canada

Caregivers in Canada have a wide range of employment opportunities available to them, spanning various sectors and settings. From private homes to healthcare facilities, caregivers play an essential role in providing support and assistance to individuals in need. This section explores the diverse employment opportunities for caregivers in Canada:

  1. Private Home Care:
    • Many caregivers in Canada are employed directly by individuals or families to provide in-home care and support. This includes assisting with activities of daily living (ADLs), providing companionship, administering medication, and offering emotional support.
    • Private home care positions offer flexibility in terms of scheduling and often involve developing close relationships with clients and their families.
  2. Long-Term Care Facilities:
    • Caregivers may also find employment opportunities in long-term care facilities such as nursing homes, assisted living facilities, and retirement residences.
    • In these settings, caregivers provide care and support to residents who require assistance with various aspects of daily living, including personal care, mobility, and medication management.
  3. Community Care Agencies:
    • Community care agencies and organizations provide a range of home and community-based services to individuals in need, including seniors, individuals with disabilities, and those recovering from illness or injury.
    • Caregivers employed by community care agencies may deliver services such as personal care, meal preparation, transportation, and light housekeeping to clients in their homes.
  4. Childcare Settings:
    • Caregivers interested in working with children may find employment opportunities in childcare settings such as daycare centers, preschools, and private homes.
    • Childcare caregivers, often referred to as nannies or childcare providers, are responsible for supervising and caring for children, organizing activities, and promoting their development and well-being.
  5. Specialized Care Settings:
    • Caregivers with specialized training or experience may find employment opportunities in specialized care settings catering to individuals with specific needs.
    • This includes settings such as group homes for individuals with disabilities, hospices for individuals with terminal illnesses, and rehabilitation centers for individuals recovering from injuries or surgeries.
  6. Government Programs and Initiatives:
    • The Canadian government offers various programs and initiatives aimed at supporting caregivers and facilitating employment opportunities in the caregiving field.
    • This includes programs such as the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), the Home Child Care Provider Pilot, and the Home Support Worker Pilot, which allow caregivers from abroad to work in Canada under specific conditions.
  7. Employment Agencies and Online Platforms:
    • Employment agencies and online platforms specializing in caregiver placements may also facilitate employment opportunities for caregivers in Canada.
    • These platforms connect caregivers with potential employers, provide job listings, and offer support throughout the hiring process.

Caregivers in Canada have a wide range of employment opportunities available to them, spanning various sectors and settings. Whether working in private homes, long-term care facilities, community care agencies, childcare settings, specialized care settings, or through government programs and initiatives, caregivers play a crucial role in supporting individuals in need and contributing to the well-being of communities across the country.

Application Process of Caregiver Jobs in Canada

Applying for a caregiver job in Canada involves several steps, from researching job opportunities to submitting applications and attending interviews. This section provides a comprehensive guide to the application process for individuals interested in pursuing a career as a caregiver in Canada:

  1. Research Job Opportunities:
    • Begin by researching caregiver job opportunities through various channels, including online job boards, recruitment agencies, company websites, and professional networks.
    • Consider factors such as location, employer requirements, job responsibilities, and salary expectations when evaluating job postings.
  2. Prepare Application Materials:
    • Prepare a professional resume that highlights relevant skills, qualifications, education, work experience, and certifications related to caregiving.
    • Tailor your resume to each job application, emphasizing your suitability for the specific caregiver role and addressing any specific requirements mentioned in the job posting.
    • Write a compelling cover letter that introduces yourself, expresses your interest in the caregiver position, and highlights how your skills and experience align with the employer’s needs.
    • Gather any additional documents or certifications required for the application, such as educational transcripts, professional references, and proof of language proficiency.
  3. Submit Applications:
    • Submit your application materials through the employer’s preferred method, which may include online application portals, email, or mail.
    • Ensure that your application is complete, accurate, and submitted within the specified deadline.
    • Double-check all documents for spelling and grammar errors before submitting, and ensure that your contact information is up-to-date.
  4. Follow Up:
    • After submitting your application, consider following up with the employer within a reasonable timeframe to inquire about the status of your application.
    • Send a polite follow-up email expressing your continued interest in the caregiver position and asking if there are any updates on the hiring process.
    • Use this opportunity to reiterate your enthusiasm for the role and to express your willingness to provide any additional information or documentation as needed.
  5. Attend Interviews:
    • If your application is shortlisted, you may be invited to attend an interview with the employer or hiring team.
    • Prepare for the interview by researching the employer, reviewing common interview questions, and practicing your responses.
    • Dress professionally and arrive on time for the interview, bringing copies of your resume, cover letter, and any relevant certifications or credentials.
    • During the interview, demonstrate your passion for caregiving, highlight your relevant experience and skills, and ask thoughtful questions about the job and employer.
  6. Complete Pre-Employment Requirements:
    • If offered the caregiver position, you may be required to complete additional pre-employment requirements, such as background checks, medical examinations, and reference checks.
    • Review and sign any employment contracts or agreements outlining the terms and conditions of your employment, including salary, benefits, and work schedule.
    • Provide any requested documentation or information promptly to expedite the hiring process.
  7. Begin Employment:
    • Once all pre-employment requirements have been completed and any necessary paperwork has been processed, you can begin your employment as a caregiver.
    • Familiarize yourself with your duties and responsibilities, establish rapport with clients or patients, and strive to provide compassionate and high-quality care in your role.

By following these steps and actively engaging in the application process, you can increase your chances of securing a caregiver job in Canada and embarking on a rewarding career in the caregiving field.

Work Environment and Conditions

Caregivers in Canada work in various settings, including private homes, long-term care facilities, hospitals, childcare centers, and community organizations. The work environment and conditions can vary depending on the type of caregiving role, employer policies, and client needs. This section provides an overview of the typical work environment and conditions for caregivers in Canada:

Work Conditions

  1. Hours and Schedule:
    • Caregivers may work full-time, part-time, or on a casual basis, depending on employer requirements and client needs.
    • Shifts may include days, evenings, nights, weekends, and holidays, with the flexibility required to accommodate varying schedules and client preferences.
  2. Physical Demands:
    • Caregiving can be physically demanding, requiring caregivers to lift, move, and assist clients with mobility, personal care tasks, and other activities of daily living.
    • Proper body mechanics and techniques are essential to prevent injuries and ensure the safety of both caregivers and clients.
  3. Emotional Demands:
    • Caregivers may encounter emotionally challenging situations in their work, including dealing with clients’ illness, disability, or end-of-life care.
    • Emotional resilience, empathy, and self-care strategies are important for caregivers to manage stress and maintain their well-being while providing compassionate care.
  4. Safety and Health:
    • Employers have a responsibility to provide a safe and healthy work environment for caregivers, including implementing workplace safety protocols, providing personal protective equipment (PPE), and offering training on infection control and prevention.
    • Caregivers should be aware of potential hazards in their work environment and follow safety guidelines to minimize risks and ensure their safety and the safety of their clients.
  5. Support and Resources:
    • Employers may offer support services and resources to caregivers, including access to training and professional development opportunities, employee assistance programs (EAPs), and peer support networks.
    • Caregivers may also benefit from ongoing supervision, mentoring, and feedback from experienced colleagues or supervisors to enhance their skills and performance in their roles.

By understanding the work environment and conditions for caregivers in Canada, individuals can make informed decisions about their career paths and take steps to ensure their safety, well-being, and professional development in the caregiving field.

Legal Rights and Protections

In Canada, caregivers play a crucial role in providing care for individuals who are unable to care for themselves due to age, illness, or disability. Caregiver jobs encompass a range of roles, including but not limited to, providing care for children, the elderly, individuals with disabilities, or individuals with medical needs. Various legal rights and protections exist to safeguard the rights of caregivers in Canada, ensuring fair treatment, adequate compensation, and a safe working environment. Here are some key aspects:

  1. Employment Standards Legislation: Caregiver jobs in Canada are subject to provincial or territorial employment standards legislation, which outlines minimum employment standards such as minimum wage, hours of work, overtime pay, vacation pay, and statutory holidays. These standards aim to protect caregivers from unfair labor practices and ensure they receive fair compensation for their work.
  2. Workplace Health and Safety: Caregivers are entitled to a safe and healthy work environment under occupational health and safety legislation. Employers are required to take measures to prevent workplace hazards and ensure the safety of their employees, including caregivers. This may include providing training on safe work practices, providing necessary personal protective equipment, and addressing any workplace hazards or concerns.
  3. Employment Insurance (EI): Caregivers may be eligible for Employment Insurance benefits, including maternity, parental, sickness, and compassionate care benefits, depending on their specific circumstances and contributions to the EI program. These benefits provide financial support to caregivers during periods when they are unable to work due to pregnancy, illness, or the need to provide care to a family member.
  4. Human Rights Legislation: Human rights legislation at the federal and provincial/territorial levels prohibits discrimination in employment on various grounds, including race, gender, age, disability, and family status. Caregivers are protected from discriminatory practices in hiring, promotion, termination, and other aspects of employment.
  5. Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP): Canada’s Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP), now known as the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and the Home Support Worker Pilot, provides a pathway for foreign caregivers to obtain permanent residency in Canada after meeting certain requirements, including completing a specified period of live-in employment as a caregiver. The program is designed to ensure that caregivers are treated fairly and have the opportunity to become permanent residents of Canada.
  6. Employment Contracts: Caregivers may enter into employment contracts with their employers outlining the terms and conditions of their employment, including job responsibilities, wages, hours of work, vacation entitlement, and other relevant provisions. Employment contracts can help clarify expectations and protect the rights of both caregivers and employers.
  7. Unionization: In some cases, caregivers may have the right to unionize and collectively bargain with their employers for better wages, benefits, and working conditions. Unionization can provide caregivers with additional protections and bargaining power in the workplace.

It’s important for caregivers in Canada to be aware of their rights and protections under relevant laws and regulations and to seek assistance from legal or advocacy organizations if they believe their rights are being violated. Additionally, employers have a responsibility to comply with applicable laws and regulations and to treat caregivers fairly and respectfully in the workplace.

Training and Professional Development

  1. Formal Education: Many caregivers pursue formal education in fields such as nursing, social work, or personal support work to gain foundational knowledge and skills.
  2. Certification Programs: There are certification programs available for caregivers, which provide specialized training in areas such as elder care, disability support, and palliative care.
  3. Continuing Education: Caregivers have access to various continuing education opportunities to stay updated on best practices, new technologies, and changes in regulations affecting their profession.
  4. Professional Associations: Membership in professional associations for caregivers provides access to networking opportunities, conferences, workshops, and resources for ongoing professional development.
  5. On-the-Job Training: Employers often provide on-the-job training to caregivers to familiarize them with specific protocols, equipment, and procedures relevant to their role.
  6. Mentorship Programs: Some organizations offer mentorship programs where experienced caregivers provide guidance and support to those who are new to the profession.
  7. Skills Development: Caregivers can participate in skill development programs to enhance their communication, problem-solving, and caregiving skills, which are essential for providing quality care.

By ensuring caregivers have access to legal protections and opportunities for training and professional development, Canada aims to maintain high standards of care for vulnerable individuals in need of assistance.

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Salary Expectations for Caregivers in Canada

The salary expectations for caregivers in Canada can vary based on several factors including location, level of experience, qualifications, type of caregiving role, and employer. Generally, caregivers in Canada can expect to earn an hourly wage ranging from minimum wage to upwards of $25-$30 per hour for experienced and specialized roles. However, it’s important to note that these figures are approximate and can vary significantly.

Here’s a breakdown of salary expectations for caregivers in Canada:

  1. Minimum Wage: Caregivers who are just starting out or working in entry-level positions may earn the minimum wage as mandated by provincial or territorial employment standards. As of my last update, the minimum wage varies across Canada, with some provinces setting it around $15 per hour.
  2. Experienced Caregivers: Experienced caregivers with several years of experience and specialized skills such as palliative care, dementia care, or nursing may command higher hourly rates. These rates can range from $20 to $30 per hour or more, depending on the region and demand for their skills.
  3. Live-in Caregivers: Live-in caregivers who provide around-the-clock care to clients typically receive a salary or stipend that covers room and board in addition to their hourly wage. The hourly wage for live-in caregivers can vary, but it’s often in line with the rates mentioned above.
  4. Agency vs. Private Employment: Caregivers employed by agencies may receive hourly wages or salaries that include benefits such as health insurance, paid time off, and retirement contributions. On the other hand, caregivers who work privately for individuals or families may negotiate their rates directly, which can result in a wide range of compensation arrangements.
  5. Location: Salary expectations for caregivers can also vary based on the cost of living and demand for caregivers in different regions of Canada. Major urban centers like Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal may offer higher wages compared to rural areas.
  6. Additional Compensation: Some caregivers may also receive additional compensation for overtime hours, holidays, and overnight shifts, depending on their employment agreements and relevant labor laws.

Caregivers need to research the prevailing wage rates in their area, consider their level of experience and qualifications, and negotiate fair compensation with potential employers or clients. Additionally, joining caregiver associations or unions can provide valuable resources and support for understanding salary standards and advocating for fair wages.

Community Resources and Support

In Canada, caregivers can access a variety of community resources and support services to help them in their caregiving roles. These resources are designed to provide assistance, information, and emotional support to caregivers as they navigate the challenges of caregiving. Here are some common community resources and support services available to caregivers in Canada:

  1. Caregiver Support Groups: Many communities offer support groups specifically for caregivers where individuals can connect with others who are in similar situations. These groups provide a safe space for caregivers to share their experiences, learn from one another, and receive emotional support.
  2. Caregiver Resource Centers: Some communities have caregiver resource centers that offer a range of services and resources tailored to caregivers’ needs. These centers may provide information and referral services, educational workshops, counseling, and respite care assistance.
  3. Respite Care Services: Respite care services provide temporary relief to caregivers by offering short-term care for their loved ones. This allows caregivers to take a break from their caregiving responsibilities and attend to their own needs.
  4. Government Programs: Various government programs and services are available to support caregivers in Canada. These may include financial assistance programs, tax credits, and benefits specifically for caregivers.
  5. Home Care Services: Home care services can assist with activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and meal preparation, allowing caregivers to supplement their caregiving responsibilities with professional support.
  6. Online Resources: There are numerous online resources available to caregivers, including websites, forums, and social media groups dedicated to caregiving. These platforms offer information, resources, and opportunities for caregivers to connect with others in similar situations.
  7. Caregiver Education and Training: Many community organizations and healthcare facilities offer educational workshops and training programs for caregivers. These programs cover topics such as caregiving techniques, stress management, and communication skills.
  8. Healthcare Professionals: Healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, and social workers, can provide valuable support and guidance to caregivers. They can offer medical advice, connect caregivers with resources, and coordinate care for their loved ones.
  9. Helplines and Hotlines: Several helplines and hotlines are available to provide immediate assistance and support to caregivers in crisis or in need of information. These helplines may be operated by government agencies, non-profit organizations, or healthcare providers.
  10. Legal and Financial Services: Caregivers may benefit from legal and financial services that specialize in issues related to caregiving, such as estate planning, guardianship, and financial planning for long-term care.

Caregivers in Canada have access to a wide range of community resources and support services to help them navigate the challenges of caregiving and ensure the well-being of both themselves and their loved ones. These resources play a crucial role in providing caregivers with the assistance and support they need to fulfill their caregiving responsibilities effectively.


Caregivers in Canada play a crucial role in providing support and assistance to individuals who require care due to age, illness, or disability. Throughout this discussion, we have explored various aspects of caregiving in Canada, including legal rights and protections, training and professional development opportunities, salary expectations, and community resources and support services.


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